History of India timeline pdf

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Indian History – Events and Timeline Pdf Download

A Complete database questions and major events of Indian History. TheComplete Collection of Questions Asked in Various Exams (With Timelines). Exam Like: UPSC, RRB, SSC, State PCS, UPPSC, UPSSSC, MPPSC, BPSC, RPSC.

Before Christ (BC) timeline for Indian History

Ancient India (Pre-historic to AD 700)

7500 BC:: Civilization at Gulf of Khambar.
2500-1500 BC: Indus Valley Civilisation.
2000-1500: Aryans arrive from central Asia.
1500-1000: The Early Vedic Age – Rigveda.
1000-500: Later Vedic Period – Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Samhitas, early Upanishads, and Sutras.
563-483: Gautama Buddha – horn at Lumbini (Nepal); attainment of knowledge -Bodh Gaya (Bihar); first sermon -Sarnath, near Varanasi (UP); Nirvana -Kushinagar (Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh).
540-468: Mahavira – born at Kundagrama near Vaishali (Bihar) and nirvana at Pavapuri (Patna, Bihar).
492-460: Rule of Ajatasatru, son of Bimbisara, king of Magadha.
364-321: Rule of Nandas of Magadha
326: Invasion of India by Alexander Battle of Hydaspes.
322-298: Reign of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Mauryan dynasty.
273-232: Reign of Ashoka, son of Bindusara
261: Kalinga war.
257: Asoka’s conversion to Buddhism by Upagupta.
250: Third Buddhist council at Pataliputra
90: Sakas invade India.
58: The Vikrama Samvat (Vikram era) introduced by King Vikramaditya of Ujjain.

Anno Domini (AD) Indian History timeline chart

20-46 AD : Gondophernes, the king of Indo￾Parthians.
78: Accession of Kanishk a,The Sakaera begins.
100-300 : The Sangam Age in south India.
50 BC-250 AD: Satavahana dynasty in the Deccan.

320-335: Reign of Chandragupta-I.
335-380: Reign of Samudragupta known as Indian  Napoleon.
380-414 : Reign of Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya).
405-411: The visit of the Chinese pilgrim Fa-hien to India.
500-527 : Rule of Huns over North India.
606-647 : Harsha Vardhana of Kanauj. Hiuen-Tsang visited India (ad630-644).
500-757 : First Chalukya dynasty of Vatapi
630 : Harsha’s clash with Pulakesinll
973-1190: Chalukya dynasty of Kalyani

A brief history of India: Medieval India (AD 700 – AD 1857)

760-1142: Palas of Eastern India.
985-1014 : Reign of Rajaraja, the Great. Starts a great land survey (ADI 000).
1014-1044 : Reign of Rajendra Chola. Naval campaign against Sri Vijaya kingdom.
788-820: Sankaracharya and his philosophy of Advaita.
712 : Arabs occupy Sindh.
871-1173 : Imperial Cholas of Tanjore.
916-1203: Construction of Khajuraho Temples.
1000-1027: Invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni.

1191: Prithviraj III, defeated Muhammad Ghori in the first battle of Tarain .
1192: Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj in the second Battle of Tarain in 1192.
1206: Foundation of the Sultanate of Delhi by Qutub-ud-din Aibak.
1210 : Death of Qutub-ud-din Aibak.
1210-1236: Reign of Iltutmish.
1221 : Mongol invasion under Chenghis Khan.
1231: Utumish completed the construction of Qutub Minar at Delhi.
1236-1240: Reign of Empress Raziya, daughter of Iltutmish, the first and last woman ruler of Medieval India.
1266-1287: Reign of Sultan Balban.

History of India timeline pdf

1288-1293: Visit of Marco Polo in India,
1290-1296: Sultan Jalal-ud-din Firuz Khalji.founder of the Khalji dynasty.
1296 : Alauddin Khalji invades Dcvagiri.
1296-1316: Reign of Sultan Alauddin Khalji.
1309-1311: Malik Kafur’s expedition into South India.
1320-1325: Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq (Ghazi Malik), founder of the Tughlaq dynasty.
1325-1351: Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. Transferred the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad-
1327. Issue of token currency – 1329.
1333: Ibn Battuta arrives in India.
1351-1388: Sultan Firuz Tughlaq.
1398: Invasion of Timur during the reign of Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud
1414-1451: Reign of Sayyid dynasty.
1420: Visit of Nicolo Conti.
1451-1526: Bahlul Lodhi (1451-89), Sikandar Lodhi (1489-1517), and Ibrahim Lodhi (1517-26)
1526: The first Battle of Panipat (1526) Babur defeats Ibrahim Lodhi.
1336: Foundation of the empire of Vijayanagar byHarihara and Bukka
1438-1468: Reign of Rana Kumbha in Mewar.
1509-1530: Reign of Krishnadeva Raya, the great￾est king of Vijayanagar.
1565: Battle of Talikota, the decline of the empire of Vijayanagar.
1346: Foundation of the Bahmani kingdom by Alaud-din Hasan Bahman Shah (1347-1358).
1498: Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut
1505: DeAlmeida, the first Viceroy of Portuguese in India
1510: Conquest of Goa from the Adilshahi Sultan of Bijapur- 1510.
1526: Babur defeats Ibrahim Lodhi at the first battle of Panipat. Formation of the Mughal empire.
1527 : Battle of Khanwa. Babur defeats Rana Sanga of Mewar.
1530 : Accession of Humayun.
1538 : Death of GuruNanak.

Timeline for Indian history

1539: SherShah defeats Humayun at Chausa and assumes sovereignty.

1540: Humayun’s defeat near Kanauj.
1542 : Birth of Akbar.
1545 : Battle of Kalinjar.
1545 : Death of Sher Shah.
1555 : Battle of Sirhind. Sikandur Suri was defeated by Humayun, Humayun recovers the throne of Delhi.
1556: Death of Humayun and accession of Akbar. Second Battle of Panipat.
1556-1605: Akbar’s reign.
1564: Abolition of Jizya.
1565 : Battle of Talikota Vijayanagar destroyed.
1571 : Foundation of Fatehpur Sikri.
1576: Battle of Haldighati and defeat of Maharana Pratap.
1579: Infallibility decree issued by Akbar.
1581: Din-i-Ilahi promulgated by Akbar.
1600: Deccan expedition and siege of Ahmadnagar: Charter to British East India company.
1605: Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir.
1605-1627: Reign of Jahangir.
1609 : William Hawking visited Jahangir.
1615 : Sir Thomas Roc in the court of Jahangir.
1627 : Death of Jahangir.
1628 : Shah Jahan proclaimed Emperor.
1631 : Death of Mumtaz Mahal.
1636: Treaties with Bijapur and Golconda.
1658 : Coronation of Aurangzeb.
1659: Murder of Afzal Khan by Shivaji.
1663 : Death of Mir Jumla.
: Attack on Poona by Shivaji.
: Shaista Khan appointed Governor of Bengal.
1665 : Conclusion of the treaty of Purandhar –
signed between Sivaji and Jai Singh.
1666 : Death of Shah Jahan.
1674: Sivaji’s Coronation and assumption of
the title of Chhatrapati.
1675 : Execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur.
1679: Jeziah imposed on the Hindus by Aurangzeb.
1680 : Death of Shivaji.

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1686 : Conquest of Bijapur by Aurangzeb.
1687 : Golconda annexed to the Mughal empire.
1707 : Death of Aurangzeb at Ahmadnagar.
1739 : Invasion of Nadirshah.
1740-1761: Peshwaship of Balaji Baji Rao (Nana Saheb).
1746-48 : First Carnatic war
1748-54 : Second Carnatic war.
1756-63 : Third Carnatic war.

1757: Battle of Plassey.
1760 : Battle of Wandiwash.
1761 : Third Battle of Panipat: The Marathas defeated by the combined troops of Ahmad Shah Abdali; the Mughals, and other Muslim chiefs of India.
1764 : Battle of Buxar. The English defeat Shah Alam, Shuja-ud-daulah and MirQasim.
1765 : Grant of the Diwani of Bengal. Bihar and Orissa to the East India Company by Shah Alam II under Treaty of Allahabad.
: Clive. Company ‘s Governor in Bengal.
1765-72 : Dual Government of Bengal.
1767-69 : The First Anglo Mysore War
1770 : The Great Bengal Famine.
1771 : Marathas occupy Delhi and restore Shah Alam who was till then under English protection at Allahabad.
1772- 73 : Warren Hastings as Governor of Bengal.
: Abolition of Dual Government of Bengal (1772).
1773 : The Regulating Act was passed, bring￾ing the company partially under Parliament’s control and the Presidencies under Calcutta’s control.
1773- 85 : Warren Hastings Governor-General.
: Establishment of Supreme Court, Calcutta.
1775-82 : The First Anglo-Maratha War.
1776 : Treaty of Purandar
1780-84 : Second Mysore War.
1783 : Fox’s India Bills give more powers to Parliament and to the Governor-General.
1784 : Treaty of Mangalore between Tipu and the English.: Pitt’s Act passed. Setting up Board of Control for East India Company.
: Asiatic Society of Bengal founded by Sir William Jones.
1786-93 : Lord Cornwallis, Governor-General.
1790-92 : Third Mysore War.
1792 : Treaty of Srirangapatnam signed between Tipu and English.
1793-98 : Sir John Shore, Governor-General.
1793 : The Permanent Zamindari Settlement of Bengal.
1798 : Lord Wellesley as Governor-General and brought subsidiary alliance.
1799 : Fourth Mysore War. Fall of Srirangapat￾nam. Death ofTipu.
1800: Establishment of the College of Fort William.
1802: The Treaty of Bassein between Peshwa and English.
1803 : Occupation of Delhi by Lord Lake.
1803-05 : Second Anglo-Maratha War.
1807-13 : Lord M into as Governor-General.
1809 : Treaty of Amritsar-Ranjit Singh and Brit￾ish sign treaty of perpetual amity.
1813- 23 : Lord Hastings as Governor-General.
1814- 16 : Anglo-Gurkha War.
1817- 18: Pindari War – Peshwa defeated at Kirkee.
1818- 19 : Last Anglo-Maratha War.
1823- 28 : Lord Amherst Governor-General.
1824- 26 : First Burmese War.
1828- 35 : Lord William Bentinck as Governor￾General.
1829 : Prohibition of Sati.
1829- 37 : Suppression of Thuggee.
1833 : Renewal of Company’s charter. Abolition of the Company ‘s trading rights.
1835- 36 : Sir Charles Metcalf Governor-General.
1835 : Macaulay s Education Resolution. English made official language instead of Persian.
1835 : Foundation of Calcutta Medical College.
1836- 1842: Lord Auckland as Governor-General.
1839 : Death of Ranjit Singh.
1842-44 : Lord Ellenborough as Governor-General.

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1844- 48: Lord Hardinge as Governor-General.
1845- 46: First Anglo-Sikh War. Treaty of Lahore.
1848-49: Second Anglo-Sikh War. The defeat of Sikhs and annexation of Punjab.
: Opening of a Hindu Girls’ School in Calcutta by Bethune.
1848-56: Lord Dalhousie as Governor-General.
1852: Second Anglo-Burmese War.
1853: Railway opened from Bombay to Thana.Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra.
1854: Charles Wood’s despatch on Education.
1855: Santhal insurrection in Bihar.
1856: Annexation of Awadh, Indian University Act. Hindu Widow’s Remarriage Act.
1856- 58: Lord Canning -Governor-General.
1857- 58: Revolt of 1857. Revolt at Meerut begins on May 10.1857.

Indian dynasties timeline Modern India (AD 1857 +)

1858: British India placed under the direct government of the Crown. Queen Victoria’s Proclamation.
1858- 62: Lord Canning as Viceroy,
1861: Indian Councils Act.
: Archaeological Survey of India set up,
: Indian Civil Service Act.
: Introduction of the Penal code.
1862-63: Lord Elgin as Viceroy.
1864-69: Sir John Lawrence Viceroy.
1865: Telegraphic communication with Europe opened.
1869-72: Lord Mayo as Viceroy,
1875: Visit of the Prince of Wales.
: Arya Samaj founded by Swami Dayananda.
1877: Lord Lytton held Durbar at Delhi where Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India.
1878: Vernacular Press Act.
1879: Theosophical Society at Adayar, (was set up) Madras.
1880-84: Lord Ripon as Viceroy.
1881: Factory Act.
1883: Indian National Conference held in Calcutta.

1883- 84 : Ilbert Bill controversy.
1884- 88 : Lord Duffer in Viceroy.
1885 : First session of the Indian National Congress held at Bombay.
1887 : Queen Victoria’s Jubilee.
1888-93 : Lord Landsdowne Viceroy.
1892 : Indian Councils Act.
1894-99 : Lord Elgin IlViceroy.
1896 : Ramakrishna Mission founded.
1899-1905: Lord Curzon Viceroy.
1905 : Partition of Bengal.
1905-10 : Lord Minto II Viceroy.
1906 : Muslim League formed at Dacca.
1907: Surat Congress, moderates-extremists clash.
1908 : Newspapers Act. Tilak convicted of sedition,
1909 : Morley-Minto Reforms.
: Indian Councils Act passed.
1910-16 : Lord Hardinge II Viceroy.
1911 : Delhi Durbar.
: Partition of Bengal annulled. Census of In￾dia
: Transfer of Capital to Delhi announced
1914 : Gandhi arrives in India.
1916: Lucknow Pact of Indian National Congress and All-India Muslim League.
: Foundation of Women’s University at Poona.
: The Home Rule League founded.
1916-21 : Lord Chelmsford as Viceroy.
1919 : Montague-Chelmsford Reforms.
: Rowlatt Act passed.
: Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar (April 13).
1920: Khilafat Movement and Non-Co-operation Movement.
1921 : Moplah Rebellion and Wagon Tragedy.
1921-26 : Lord Reading Viceroy.
1921 : Harappa excavations begin.
1922 : Mohenjodaro excavations begin.
: Chauri Chaura incident.
1923 : Swarajists in Indian Councils.
1926-31 : Lord Irwin Viceroy.

1927: Appointment of Simon Commission.
1928: Simon Commission comes to India.
: Death of Lala La j pat Rai following police assault. Nehru Report.
1929: Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt drop bombs in the Legislative Assembly.
: Congress on December 31 at Lahore declaring its objective of Poora Swaraj for India.
1930: Gandhiji’s Dandi March. Civil Disobedience Movement.
1930- 31: First Round Table Conference.
1931: Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed.
: Second Round Table Conference.
1931- 36: Lord Willingdon Viceroy.
1932: Third Round Table Conference.
: Communal Award announced.

: Poona Pact signed.
: Civil Disobedience Movement called off.
: Government of India Act, 1935 passed by British Parliament.
: Lord Linlithgow Viceroy, Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress Ministries formed in seven out of eleven provinces.
: Haripura session of the Congress.
: Second World War begins (September).
: Pakistan resolution passed by the Muslim League at Lahore.
: Subhash Chandra Bose escapes from In￾dia.
1942: Cripps comes to India with his proposals in March.
: Congress rejects Cripps Proposal (11 April).
: ‘Quit India” resolution passed by Congress on August 8.
1944-47: Lord Wavell Viceroy.
1944: IN A reaches Indian soil.
1945: Labour Government in Britain. IN A surrenders to the British (May). The first trial of IN A men (November 5).
1946: Cabinet Mission’s plans announced (June 16).
1947-48: Lord Mountbatten Viceroy.

1947: Announcement of Lord Mountbatten’s plan for Partition of India (June 3).
: Indian Independence Act passed (July).
: Creation of free India and Pakistan on midnight of August 14/15, 1947 as dominions.
Jawaharlal Nehru Prime Minister of India. 1948, Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (January 30).
: Rajagopalachari appointed first Indian Governor-General (June 21}.
1949: New Constitution of India adopted and signed (November 26).
1956: India becomes a Republic. New Constitution comes into force (January 26).
: Dr. Rajendra Prasad, first President of Indian Republic.
: Planning Commission was set up

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